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    挪威旅居主人的義務

    You can read this article in Norwegian and English.

    We’ve put together this article to help Hosts on Airbnb become familiar with hosting responsibilities, and to provide a general overview of different laws, regulations, and best practices that may affect Hosts. You’re required to follow our guidelines, like our Hosting Standards, and to make sure that you follow the laws and other rules that apply to your specific circumstances and locale.

    We recommend that you do your own research, as this article isn’t comprehensive, and doesn’t constitute legal or tax advice. Also, as we don’t update this article in real time, please check each source and make sure that the information provided hasn’t recently changed.

    Table of contents

    Health and cleanliness

    The safety and health of Hosts, guests, and the public are a key priority for Airbnb. In the context of the COVID-19 health crisis, the implementation of appropriate health and safety measures will be at the heart of the recovery of the tourism sector. Global information about Airbnb’s 5-step enhanced cleaning process can be found in general info about hosting places to stay.

    Key recommendations on cleaning in Norway

    General resources

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      National taxes

      Taxes are a complex topic. Your own tax obligations can vary based on your particular circumstances, so we recommend that you research your obligations or consult a tax professional to get more specific information.

      In general, the money you earn as a Host on Airbnb is considered taxable income, which may be subject to different taxes like rental tax, income tax, or VAT.

      Tax forms for Norway are due on 30 April each tax year. Check with the Tax Administration to find out if you need to declare the amount you earn from hosting, which you can find in your host earnings summary. It’s also a good idea to find out if you’re eligible for other credits like tax reliefs and allowances.

      Free tax guide

      We want to make it easy for you to understand your tax responsibilities as a Host on Airbnb, so we’ve partnered with an independent third-party accounting firm to provide a free tax guide (available in Norwegian and English) that covers general tax information in Norway.

      Norway host data reporting

      Effective 1st January 2020, The Norwegian Tax Administration introduced new regulations, which obligated Airbnb to report certain information on rental transactions during the tax year. Such information includes the following:

      • Your Norwegian national identity number, D-number, or organization number. 
      • Your name, address and bank account number receiving the payout for bookings.
      • Earnings from Homes reservations, excluding Airbnb host fees
      • The number of days in the rental period for every rental (from start date to end date).
      • The property’s street address, or if none is available, the land register address. By street address, we mean the road name, house number, rental and property unit number. By land register/cadastre address, we mean the property’s cadastral unit number and property unit number, any leasehold number and sequence number.

      It is important that either your national identification number, D-number or organization number are provided, along with a complete listing address to satisfy this tax regulation. Failure to do so will result in your Airbnb account being suspended.

        Check our FAQ page for information about how Airbnb cooperates with the Norwegian Tax Administration (Skatteetaten) around VAT.

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        Regulations and permissions

        It’s important to make sure you’re allowed to host on your property. Some examples of restrictions include contracts, laws, and community rules. Check with a lawyer or local authority to learn more about regulations, restrictions, and obligations specific to your circumstances.

        You can use the general info in this article as a starting point around hosting regulations and permissions.

        Short-term rental legislation

        The new short-term rental legislation by the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Modernization comes into effect on January 1, 2020. It includes different regulations based on the type of property you host.

        There are no limits on the number of nights you can host for:

        • Privately-owned houses and rooms in privately owned houses
        • Holiday homes
        • Terraced houses & small units

        In housing cooperatives (“borettslag”), you now have a right to host 30 nights without permission of the board. Above that, the board may restrict the number of nights you can host.

        In condominiums (“boligsameie”), there is a default limit of 90 nights you can host. However, the joint owners can choose to remove the night limit, lower it to 60 nights, or raise it to 120 nights.

        You can get more information on the new home sharing legislation from the Norwegian Tax Administration (Skatteetaten).

        Contractual agreements and permits

        Sometimes leases, contracts, building regulations, and community rules have restrictions against subletting or hosting. Review any contracts you’ve signed or contact your landlord, community council, or other authority.

        You might be able to add an addendum to your lease or contract that can provide clarity about concerns, responsibilities, and liabilities for all parties.

        Mortgage restrictions

        If your property has a mortgage (or any form of loan), check with the lender to make sure that there aren’t restrictions against subletting or hosting.

        Subsidized housing restrictions

        Subsidized housing usually has rules that prohibit subletting without permission. Check with your housing authority or housing association if you live in a subsidized housing community and are interested in becoming a Host.

        Housemates

        If you share your home with others, consider making a formal agreement with your housemates in order to outline expectations. Housemate agreements can include how often you plan to host, guest etiquette, whether you'll share revenue, and more.

        Misuse

        We’ll take appropriate action if anyone notifies us of potential misuse. We have guidelines to help local authorities report housing misuse.

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        Courtesy

        Part of being a responsible Host is helping your guests understand best practices for interacting with your community. When you communicate local rules and customs with your guests, you’re helping to create a great experience for everyone.

        Building rules

        If your building has common spaces or shared amenities, let guests know the rules for those places. Help guests to correctly sort garbage and follow local guidelines for recycling by providing a written instructions.

        House rules

        You can include your house rules on the Additional notes section of Listing details in your Airbnb account. Guests usually appreciate it when you share your expectations with them upfront.

        Neighbors

        It’s usually a good idea to let your neighbors know if you’re planning to host. This gives them the chance to let you know if they have any concerns or considerations.

        Noise

        Guests book through Airbnb for lots of reasons, including vacations and celebrations. Let your guests know how noise impacts neighbors early on for a smoother experience.

        If you’re concerned about disturbances to your community, there are different ways you can help limit excessive noise:

        • Implement a quiet hours policy
        • Don’t allow pets
        • Indicate that your listing isn’t suitable for children or infants
        • Prohibit parties and additional unregistered guests

        Parking

        Communicate any parking rules for your building and neighborhood to your guests. Examples of possible parking rules:

        • Only park in an assigned space
        • Don’t park on the west side of the street on Tuesdays and Thursdays due to street cleaning
        • Street parking is only available from 7pm–7am

        Pets

        First, check your lease or building rules to make sure there isn’t a restriction on pets. If you allow guests to bring pets, they’ll appreciate knowing good places to exercise their pet or where they should dispose of waste. Share a backup plan, like the number of a nearby pet kennel, in case a guest's pet upsets the neighbors.

        Privacy

        Always respect your guests' privacy. Our rules on surveillance devices clearly state what we expect from our Hosts, but some locations have additional laws and regulations that you’ll need to be aware of.

        Smoking

        If you don't allow smoking, we suggest posting signs to remind guests. If you do allow smoking, be sure to provide ashtrays in designated areas.

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        Insurance

        Work with your insurance agent or carrier to determine what kind of obligations, limits, and coverage are required for your specific circumstances.

        Host damage protection and Host liability insurance

        AirCover includes Host damage protection and Host liability insurance, which provide you with basic coverage for listed damages and liabilities. However, these don’t take the place of homeowner's insurance, renter's insurance, or adequate liability coverage. You might need to meet other insurance requirements as well.

        We strongly encourage all Hosts to review and understand the terms of their insurance policy coverage. Not all insurance plans will cover damage or loss of property caused by a guest who books your accommodation.

        Learn more about AirCover.

        Liability and basic coverage

        Review your homeowners or renters policy with your insurance agent or carrier to make sure your listing has adequate liability coverage and property protection.

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        Other hosting information

        Check out our hosting FAQs to learn more about hosting on Airbnb.

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        Please note that Airbnb has no control over the conduct of Hosts and disclaims all liability. Failure of Hosts to satisfy their responsibilities may result in suspension of activity or removal from the Airbnb website. Airbnb isn’t responsible for the reliability or correctness of the information contained in any links to third party sites (including any links to legislation and regulations).

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